(ConservativeHub.com) – It is often the case that animals will communicate with one another using scent. However, as reported by Newsweek, scientists have discovered that each cat has a unique mixture of bacteria allowing for the creation of different scents. It is through these scents that they can send messages and signals to other cats that are in the surrounding area.
The journal Scientific Reports published the study which notes how important scent is for attracting mates, marking territory, and warning their rivals to stay away. These different scents are the result of the mixture of many volatile organic compounds including alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, and esters. Scientists have also found that there are specific bacteria species found in the microbiome of cats to create different scents.
University of California professor of microbial ecology and evolution and co-author of the study Jonathan A. Eisen stated that what they were now trying to determine is if there is a link between the microbes and the type of volatile compounds that are produced in cats. As he pointed out, they have already found a connection between the microbes and volatile compounds found in the sample. This means that there are certain candidate bacteria that could potentially be the ones creating these volatile compounds.
As part of the three-part study, the authors looked at 23 domestic cats and took microbial cultures from each one of them. Thus far, they have found five bacteria genera dominating all the cats, Bacteroides, Corynebacterium, Lactobacillus, Proteus, and Streptococcus. All the cats reportedly had a unique microbial make-up, and it’s believed that the microbes help create different scents.
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